Monday, March 25, 2013

Tracing the Real Moses

Connecting the Dots

Moses’ mother was a Levite, Jochebed (Yo'Cheved) (which means, "Yahweh’s honour") (Numbers 26:59) and his siblings were Aharown (Aaron) (Exodus 4:14) and Miryam (Miriam) (Exodus 6:20 and Numbers 26:57-59).

At the age of 40, he fled to Midian where he lived for 40 years (Exodus 2:11-15).

Moses was married to two wives, Ziporrah, the daughter of Jethro, a Midianite priest (Exodus 2:21) and Saba, a Cushite/Ethiopian (Numbers 12:1-2).

Zipporah meant "shining, resplendent, radiant or enlightenment." “Whoever saw her would acknowledge her beauty. She is called Zipporah, meaning "look" and "see" how beautiful! She is called "the Cushite" (Numbers 12:1) because just as the Cushite woman is distinguished from other women by the color of her skin, so too was Zipporah distinguished from other women by her beauty” (Talmud, Sifre Beha’alotcha 99).

She was a Cushite as black as a raven. Zipporah was from  Midian and they are Ishmaelites who are black because of effects of the sun and its heat…” - Isaac Abarbanel (1437-1509).

"There are those that say that Moses had ruled over Cush and taken to wife a Cushitess. The correct explanation in my view is that the Cushite woman [about whom Miriam and Aaron spoke] is Zipporah for she was a Midianitess, and the Midianites are Ishmaelites. They dwell in tents and due to the heat of the sun they have no white skin whatsoever. Zipporah was black and similar to a Cushite woman." - Abraham Iben Ezra (1080-1164) 

Midiates were descended from Midian, who was the son of the Hebrew patriarch Abraham by the latter’s second wife, Keturah (Genesis 25:1-2). Jethro, priest-leader of the Midianite subtribe known as the Kenites, and his daughter Zipporah (a wife of Moses), influenced early Hebrew thought: it was Yahweh, the lord of the Midianites, who was revealed to Moses as the God of the Hebrews.” - Encyclop√¶dia Britannica.

Based upon the meaning of Zipporah ("shining, resplendent, radiant or enlightenment"), one is bound to consider her as the renamed Nefertiti, who was the first wife of Ankhenaten of ancient Egypt and also hailed for her beauty.

Jethro is “Yithro” in Hebrew and it means “His Excellency” - a title of respect, not a name. His actual name was "Reuel/Raguel," which means "friend of the Divine."

The Divine’s glory being mentioned in the name of Moses’ mother, Yo'Cheved (Yod Chehbed), is that of YAO/IAO/Amun/Atum/Amen because the Divine only revealed himself later to Moses on Mt. Sinai (Exodus 3:13-15 and 6:3).

The mythical Moses’ father is given as Amram, a member of the Levite lineage (Exodus 2:1 and Numbers 26:58).

Yo'Cheved was a daughter of Levi (Numbers 26:59), the son of Leah (Genesis 29:34) because the original Levi had come to Egypt 430 years earlier (Exodus 12:40) and therefore Levi could not have been the father of Yo'Cheved.

Yo'Cheved (Shifrah/Shiphrah) and her daughter, Miriam (Puah), are accredited as being midwife and nursing maid, respectively (Exodus 1:15).

Rashi, a Reform Jewish independent school offering Hebrew and secular education in an environment infused with Jewish values and learning, states that Yo’Cheved was called Shifrah/Shiphrah after “because she would put the new into proper (physical) condition.”

Miriam was called Puah “because she would make loud noises and speak and articulate to the newborn, as do women who pacify a child that is crying.”

The Jewish Midrash says that Shiprah and Puah were the mother and sister of Moses (Yo’Cheved and Miriam). "The ancient Rabbis identify Shifra with Yo’Cheved, Moshe's mother, and Puah with Miriam, Moshe's sister. By making a Midrash that Miriam was Puah the midwife, Miriam becomes a much greater figure. She and Yo’Cheved assume the status of the mothers of the entire Israelites."

The Talmud says: “Because of their devotion to the Jewish people, they were rewarded with grand dynasties. Yo'Cheved/Shifrah becomes the ancestress of the Kohanim (the "priests") and the Levites; Miriam/Puah becomes an ancestress of David.”

The myths surrounding Moses' birth and names

Three months after Yo’Cheved had given birth to the child, the matter became known to the palace, and so she acted quickly before the officers arrived. She took a reed-basket and placed the child inside it and set it on the bank of the Nile. She stationed his sister a short distance away ... (Exodus 2:4).

The daughter of Pharaoh came down along with all the women of Egypt to the bank of the Nile in order to bathe as was their custom, and she saw the basket floating on the surface of the water (Exodus 2:5). Although the daughter of Pharaoh who rescued Moses is not named, there is one mentioned in I Chronicles 4:18 as Bithiah/Bithiyah, and the Midrash identifies the two as the same person.

The Pharaoh’s daughter dispatched her maid to retrieve it, and she opened (it) and saw the child (Exodus 2:5). And when the women of Egypt who had come down to the Nile approached in order to nurse him, he refused to nurse from them, for the Divine did this in order to restore him to the breasts of his mother. His sister asked the daughter of Pharaoh, ‘Shall I go and summon for you a nursemaid from the Israelites?’ (Exodus 2:7) She responded, ‘Go!’ She went and summoned his mother (Exodus 2:8). She (the daughter of Pharaoh) said, ‘Take the child and nurse him for me, and I will pay you a wage of two silver pieces daily.’ (Exodus 2:9) Two years later she brought him to the daughter of Pharaoh, and he became her son, and she named him Moses, ‘because I drew him up out of the water’ (Exodus 2:10).

The symbol of ancient Egypt was the Lotus and Papyrus, and the ark in the bullrushes was symbolic for the birth of royalty, mankind and death, while Moses is found in a reed-basket floating within water. The papyrus represents Lower Egypt and the lotus represents Upper Egypt.  

The Talmud's account: “His father named him Hever, because it was on his account that he was reunited with his wife; his mother named him Jekuthiel because she suckled him herself; his sister named him Jered because she descended to him at the river in order to learn his fate; Aaron named him Avi Zanoah because ‘my father abandoned my mother and then returned to her due to this (one)’; Qahat his grandfather named him Avi Gedor because it was due to him that God repaired a breach in (the security of) Israel, for the Egyptians would no longer cast their male infants into the Nile; his nanny named him Avi Soco because God concealed him in thatch-work from the enmity of the Egyptians (all of these names emanate from 1 Chron 4:18); and Israel named him Shemayah ben Natanel for it was in his time that God hearkened to their groans. When he (Moses) was three years old, Pharaoh was seated at his table ready to eat." –

Bithiyah (Ancient Egyptian)
Yo’Cheved (Hebrew)
Her name means, “daughter of the pre-Israelite name of Yah/IAO” according to the Talmud and Christian Concordances. ‘Bat-Yah,’ Daughter or House of the Divine
Her name means, “Glory of the pre-Israelite name of Yah/IAO.” Also known as ‘Shifrah.’ Before they knew the Divine as Yahovah, the Hebrews worshipped the Canaanite deities, the male Baal and the female, Ashtoreth (Joshua 24:2 and Exodus 6:3, 6-7).

She was the Princess of the Royal Pharonic house
She was of Royalty of Israel through Levi (the later priesthood)

Born in Egypt
Born in Egypt

She was the adopted mother of Moses  
She was the Birth Mother of the mythical Moses

She pulled Moses out of Water
She put the mythical Moses in Water

Later married to Mered/Caleb, the son of Ezrah of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:18). 'Caleb is also called (I Chronicles 4:5) "Ashhur," because his face became black
Married to Amram a Levite and Levites were initiates of Egytian Temple Greater Mysteries. Amram might mean, "high people, or people exalted." Amram was the son of the union between Ankhenaten and Kiya.

Her daughter was Miriam (I Chronicles 4:18), which in Egyptian is Merari, which means lovely or beloved.
Her daughter was Miriam (Mary in English, Maria/Mariam in Greek), a Levite also married to Caleb (Joshua 14:6), which was an abomination. A priest was not permitted to marry a widow, a divorcee or a prostitute. He could marry a virgin provided she was not a foreigner (Lev. 21:7, 13, 14). It appears that a later provision permitted him to marry the widow of another priest (Ezek. 44:22).

Possibly from the House of Imram/Amram, who was the son of the union between Ankhenaten and Kiya,

From the House of Imram/Amram, who was the son of the union between Ankhenaten and Kiya

Identified as Princess MeriAten (meaning, “beloved of Aten”), daughter of Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV), whose parents were Amenhotep III and Tiye

Identified as Shiprah, whose name means beautiful or "to glisten or make fair or goodly"
Saved Moses' life after she located him by the river (Exodus 2:6) and asked a nurse to look after him (Exodus 2:9).
Saved the mythical Moses life as Shifrah and Yocheved by giving birth to him (Exodus 2:2) hiding him (Exodus 2:2) and later nursing him (Exodus 2:8)

There are striking similarities around their conduct towards Moses. The names of the two women are Egyptian honouring the ancient Egyptian cosmic power well before Yahweh was known to Hebrews. Before the Divine revealed itself to Moses, Hebrews worshipped the Canaanite deities, the male El/Baal and the female, Ashtoreth. "And Joshua said to all the people, "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, 'Your fathers lived of old beyond the Euphrates, Terah, the father of Abraham and of Nahor; and they served other gods." (Joshua 24:2)

And I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty; but by my name Yahweh I was not known to them.” - Exodus 6:3, 6-7. This provides the clear evidence that Bithiyah, the Pharaoh’s daughter, is the same person as Yo’Cheved, Moses’ mother. 

In his book The New Pantheon; Or, an Introduction to the Mythology of the Ages (1831), Irish Presbyterian/Unitarian minister Rev. William Jillard Hort (fl. 1794-5) remarks: "The best historians, Herodotus, Plutarch and Diodorus Siculus, assert that [Dionysus] was born in Egypt, and educated at Nysa, a city in Arabia Felix, whither he had been sent by his father Jupiter Ammon. From them it appears that the Bacchus of the Greeks was no other than the famous Osiris, conqueror of India. This Bacchus is supposed, by many learned men, to be Moses. Both are represented as born in Egypt, and exposed in their infancy upon the Nile. Bacchus was educated at Nissa or Nysa, in Arabia, and in the same country passed forty years. Bacchus, when persecuted, retired to the borders of the Red Sea; and Moses fled with the Israelites, from the Egyptian bondage, beyond the same sea. The numerous army of Bacchus, composed of men and women, passed through Arabia in their journey to India. The army of the Jewish legislator, composed of men, women and children, was obliged to wander in the desert, long before they arrived in Palestine, which, as well as India, is part of the continent of Asia. The fable represents Bacchus with horns, which may be supposed to allude to the light that is said to have shone around the countenance of Moses, who in old engravings, is frequently represented with horns. Moses received the Jewish law on Mount Sinai. Bacchus was brought up on Mount Nysa. Bacchus, armed with his thyrsus, defeated the giants. The miraculous rod of Moses was the means of destroying the descendants of the giants. Jupiter was said to have sent Bacchus into India to exterminate a sinful nation; and it is recorded that Moses was commanded, by the true God, to do the same in Palestine. The god Pan gave Bacchus a dog to accompany him in his travels; Caleb, which in Hebrew signifies a dog, was the name of the faithful companion of Moses. Bacchus, by striking the earth with his thyrsus, produced rivers of wine. Moses, by striking the rock with his miraculous rod, caused water to gush out to satisfy the raging thirst of the Israelites. Others have regarded Bacchus as being the same with Nimrod, the first ambitious conqueror, and enslaver of men; that mighty hunter before the Lord."

The circumstances of the mythical Moses’ birth were directly derived from the birth narrative of the third Akkadian King Sargon I (2,334–2,279 BCE), who established his kingdom in 2,200 BCE and conquered Egypt in 2,323 BCE after having become king of Akkad in 11 years earlier. 

The account ascribed to himself was: "I am Sargon, the mighty king, King of Agade. My mother was a Vestal (of lowly birth); my father I knew not; while my father's brother dwelt in the mountains. In my town Azupirani it lies on the banks of Euphrates my mother, the Vestal, conceived me. Secretly she bore me. She laid me in a basket of sedge, closed the opening with pitch and lowered me into the river. The stream did not drown me, but carried me to Akki, the drawer of water. Akki, the drawer of water, in the goodness of his heart lifted me out of the water. Akki, the drawer of water, as his own son he brought me up. Akki, the drawer of water, made me his gardener. When I was a gardener Istar fell in love with me. I became king and for forty- five years I ruled as king.”

"In the palace of Sennacherib at Kouyunjik [Kuyunjik], I found another fragment of the curious history of Sargon... This text relates that Sargon, an early Babylonian monarch, was born of royal parents, but concealed by his mother, who placed him on the Euphrates in an ark of rushes, coated with bitumen, like that in which the mother of Moses hid her child (see Exodus ii). Sargon was discovered by a man named Akki, a water-carrier, who adopted him as his son, and he afterwards became king of Babylonia.... The date of Sargon, who may be termed the Babylonian Moses, was in the sixteenth century B.C. or perhaps earlier." - British Assyriologist Dr. George Smith, quoted by D. M. Murdock,

It is shown in ‘Earth’s Ancient History’ by L.C. Geerts, that Sargon, as adopted for Moses, was set adrift by his mother in a basket of rushes on the waters of the Euphrates, he was discovered by Akki, the husbandman (the irrigator), whom he brought up to serve as gardener in the palace of Kish. The goddess Ishtar (the equivalence of ancient Egypt’s Isis) favoured the youth, and he was promoted to the post of cupbearer. Thus aspiring for the throne he became, at last, king and emperor, renowned as the living deity.

In the palace of Sennacherib (Assyrian King 705-681 BCE) at Kouyunjik, I found another fragment of the curious history of Sargon, a translation of which I published in the Transaction of the Society of Biblical Archaeology. Vol. 1, pg. 46.

“This text relates that Sargon, an early Babylonian monarchy was born of royal parents, but concealed by his mother, who placed him on the Euphrates in an ark of rushes, coated with bitumen, Iike that in which the mother of Moses hid her child (see Exodus ii).

“Sargon was discovered. by a. man named Akki,. a water-carrier (gardener), who adopted him as his son, and he afterward became King of Babylon.

“The capital of Sargon, (the Babylonian Moses), was the great city of Agadi called by the Semites Akkad - mentioned in Genesis as a capital of Nimrod (Genesis 10), and here he reigned for 45 years. Moses reigned over the people of Israel in the wilderness for more than 40 years.

“Akkad lay near the city of Sippara on the Euphrates and north of Babylon.

“Another strange coincidence is found in the fact that the name of the neighboring above-mentioned city of Sippara is the same as the name of the wife of Moses Zipporah (Exodus 2:21).- George Smith, Assyria Discoveries.

From John Gray’s Near Eastern Mythology, pg. 54 is taken the following circa 1962 translations:

1.4 “My mother, an enitum (anutum), conceived me; in secret she bore me,
1.5 She set me in a basket of rushes, with bitumen she seated my lid,
1.6 She cast me into the river, which rose not over me,
1.7 The river bore me up and carried me to Akki, the drawer of water.
1.8 Akki, the drawer of water, sifted me out as he dipped his bucket.
1.9 Akki, the drawer of water, took me as his son and reared me,
1.10 Akki, the drawer of water, appointed me as his gardener.
1.11 While was a gardener, {Sun Goddess} Ishtar granted me her ‘ove,
1.12 . . .And for four and years exercised Kingship,
1.13 The black-headed people ruled, I governed, ...”

Then the Sargon Tablet relates the extent of Sargon’s Kingdom of rule over the "black-headed people” to the Amanus Mountains in the west, to the Zagros Mountains in the east, to the Taurus Mountains to the north and the Persian Gulf to the south.

Sargon, whose capital city was Agade, was the destroyer of the ancient cities of the Sumerians, from whom his own people had derived their civilization. This became the beginning of the Akkadian dynasty, around 2,330 BCE.

The Name ‘Moses’

A word or a name is a story. A story is a picture carrying a hidden message through ages and it requires considerable effort to discover it.

According to literalist religious scholarship, Moses’ name means ‘he who was drawn out of water’ in Hebrew. This is not correct because an Egyptian princess cannot have named the child in Hebrew, whose people were said to be ‘slaves’.

This argument can be supported by two further reflections: first, that it is nonsensical to credit an Egyptian princess with a knowledge of Hebrew etymology, and, secondly, that the water from which the child was drawn was most probably not the water of the Nile

“On the other hand the suggestion has long been made and by many different people that the name Moses derives from the Egyptian vocabulary.  Instead of citing all the authors who have voiced this opinion I shall quote a passage from a recent work by James H. Breasted, an author whose ‘History of Egypt’ is regarded as authoritative. "It is important to notice that his name, Moses, was Egyptian. It is simply the Egyptian word 'mose' meaning ‘child’ and is an abridgement of a fuller form of such names as 'Amen-mose' meaning ‘Amon-a-child’ or 'Ptah-mose’, meaning Ptah-a-child, these forms themselves being likewise abbreviations for the complete form  ‘Amon- (has-given)-a child’ or ‘Ptah- (has-given)-a-child.’

“The abbreviation 'child’ early became a convenient rapid form for the cumbrous full name, and the name Mose, ‘child’, is not un-common on the Egyptian monuments. The father of Moses without doubt prefixed to his son’s name that of an Egyptian god like Amon or Ptah, and this divine name was gradually lost in current usage, till the boy was called ‘Mose’. (The final ‘s’ is an addition drawn from the Greek translation of the Old Testament”) - ‘Moses and Monotheism’ by Sigmund Freud (1939) an eminent Jewish scholar and psychologist. Freud was a student of Hayyim ben Joseph Vital (1542–1620), a 16th century rabbi who had been Isaac Luria's student, the great master of the theosophical Kabbalah.

Therefore the name "Moses" was an Egyptian word "moses/messes" meaning “son/born of.” This was usually combined with the name of a deity e.g. Ah-mose (Amosis), Thut-mose (Tuthmosis, 18th Dynasty Thothmes i.e. ‘son/born of Thoth’), the deity of writing and learning and the chief deity of Hermopolis, which means "the city of Hermes" in Greek) and Ra-mose (Ramses i.e. ‘son/born of Ra’).

Hermes was associated with Thoth although the ancient Egyptians called the city "Khmunu," which means, "the city of the Ogdoad or Eight." “Ogdoad” means the “eight deities,” i.e. four deities and their consorts.  

According to Tim Wallace-Murphy, Hidden Wisdom: The Western Esoteric Tradition (2010), ‘Mos’ is the word for ‘son’ or ‘rightful heir’ in ancient Egyptian. The Egyptian word for water is 'mu' and 'ses' or 'sus' means 'to save.' Therefore, Moseus/Moses is a name derived from ‘son of ‘ and 'he is saved by water.'

The name Moses is ‘Mosheh’ in Hebrew and has the schema, Mem-Sh-Hey (40+300+5 = 345). The spelling means “Waters-Fire-Womb." This means one who is born of Water (the two “waters” from the parents) and Fire (passion) in the Womb. Water and the Fire are related to Moses’ state of being when he was initiated (“discovered” as the Hebrews Scriptures say) in the waters and when he later saw a bush was burning. This is exactly in line with John 3:5, "Unless a man be born again of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of (the Divine)."

The name ‘Moses’ also has numerically equivalent to the phrase "the Egyptian" “Hey-Mem-Tzaddi-Resh-Yod” (5+40+90+200+10 = 345). 345 is the "reflection" or “back-side” (image and likeness) of 543, the numerical value of “I am that I am,” i.e. the face of the Divine.

Moses said, “Please show me your glory.” And he said, “I will make all my goodness pass before you and will proclaim before you my name ‘The Lord.’ And I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy. But,” he said, “you cannot see my face, for man shall not see me and live.” And the Divine said, “Behold, there is a place by me where you shall stand on the rock, and while my glory passes by I will put you in a cleft of the rock, and I will cover you with my hand until I have passed by. Then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back, but my face shall not be seen.” - Exodus 33:18-20.

Numerically, 543 plus 345 = 888, the number for the Greek word "Christos," which means the Divine Self. The Divine + Self = Divine Self.

Moses and the phrase "the Egyptian" are a "reflection" or “back-side”  of "I am that I am." Therefore, Moses was an Egyptian who discovered the Essential, Real or True Self. The burning bush symbolizes the state of having reached the pinnacle stage of his own spiritual development.

The HaShem (‘the Name’ or ‘the Word’) is used for the Divine’s name in casual Hebrew circumstances. Although t does not occur in the Hebrew Scriptures, it was first used by the Rishonim (Medieval Rabbinic authorities). ‘HaShem’ is used by Orthodox Hebrews so as to avoid saying the Hebraic ineffable name, YHVH, outside of a ritual context since 200 CE. Interestingly, "HaShem" is the reverse of Moses’ Hebrew spelling, Mosheh.   

Moses was and so is any human being, an image and likeness of the Divine and he "represents a new stage in the development and perfection of human consciousness." "And the LORD said unto Moses, see, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet." - Exodus 7:1.Therefore, Moses was an individual who discovered his own Divine Self!

He also symbolizes the progressive, which works from within outward or the man's development in consciousness of the law of his being, - Metaphysical Bible Dictionary,

Therefore, Moses’ name provides the initial evidence that he was an ancient Egyptian and later assumed a new identity as a result of the Hebrew scribes!

The Life and Teachings of Moses

According to Ahmed Osman, in “Moses and Akhenaten: The Secret History of Egypt at the Time of the Exodus,” the Rabbis kept the true identity, life and death of Moses secret, just as they concealed the true identity of Joseph, the son of Abraham (Abba-Ra-Ham, i.e “Father Ra the Sun” or derived from Sanskrit, Parabrahm, the One Reality and the Absolute).

Abraham’s birth and original name was Abram (pronounced AY-bram) and “there are certain striking similarities between the Hindu (cosmic power) Brahma and (its) consort Saraisvati, and the Hebrew Abraham and Sarai, that are more than mere coincidences.

"In Hindu mythology, Sarai-Svati is Brahm's sister. The (Hebrew Scriptures) gives two stories of Abraham. In this first version, Abraham told Pharaoh that he was lying when he introduced Sarai as his sister. In the second version, he also told the king of Gerar that Sarai was really his sister. However, when the king scolded him for lying, Abraham said that Sarai was in reality both his wife and his sister! "...and yet indeed she is my sister; she is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife." (Genesis 20:12.)

“But the anomalies don't end here. In India, a tributary of the river Saraisvati is Ghaggar. Another tributary of the same river is Hakra. According to Jewish traditions, Hagar was Sarai's maidservant; the Moslems say she was an Egyptian princess. Notice the similarities of Ghaggar, Hakra and Hagar.

“The (Hebrew Scriptures) also states that Ishmael, son of Hagar, and his descendants lived in India. "...Ishmael breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his kin... They dwelt from Havilah (India), by Shur, which is close to Egypt, all the way to Asshur." (Genesis 25:17-18.) It is an interesting fact that the names of Isaac and Ishmael are derive from Sanskrit: (Hebrew) Ishaak = (Sanskrit) Ishakhu = "Friend of Shiva." (Hebrew) Ishmael = (Sanskrit) Ish-Mahal = "Great Shiva."

“ ….Ram and Abraham were possibly the same person or clan. For example, the syllable "Ab" or "Ap" means "father" in Kashmiri. The prototypical Jews could have called Ram "Ab-Ram" or "Father Ram." It's also conceivable that the word "Brahm" evolved from "Ab-Ram" and not vice-versa. The Kashmiri word for "Divine Mercy," Raham, likewise derives from Ram. Ab-Raham = "Father of Divine Mercy." Rakham = "Divine Mercy" in Hebrew; Ram is also the Hebrew term for "highly placed leader or governor." Indian historian A. D. Pusalker, whose essay "Traditional History From the Earliest Times" appeared in The Vedic Age, said that Ram was alive in 1950 BC, which is about the time that Abraham, the Indo-Hebrews, and the Aryans made the greatest India-to-the-Middle East migration since the Great Flood.

"One of the shrines in the Kaaba was also dedicated to the Hindu (cosmic power), Brahma, which is why the illiterate prophet of Islam claimed it was dedicated to Abraham. The word "Abraham" is none other than a malpronunciation of the word Brahma. This can be clearly proven if one investigates the root meanings of both words. Abraham is said to be one of the oldest Semitic prophets. His name is supposed to be derived from the two Semitic words 'Ab' meaning 'Father' and 'Raam/Raham' meaning 'of the exalted.' In the book of Genesis, Abraham simply means 'Multitude.' The word Abraham is derived from the Sanskrit word Brahma. The root of Brahma is 'Brah' which means - 'to grow or multiply in number.' In addition Lord Brahma, the Creator (divine power) of Hinduism is said to be the Father of all Men and Exalted of all the (divinities), for it is from him that all beings were generated. Thus again we come to the meaning 'Exalted Father.' This is a clear pointer that Abraham is none other than the heavenly father Brahma."  (Vedic Past of Pre-Islamic Arabia; Part VI; p.2.)

“If what I have said thus far isn't convincing enough, maybe the word "Melchizedek" will be. Melchizedek was a king of Jerusalem who possessed secret mystical and magical powers. He was also Abraham's teacher. Melik-Sadaksina was a great Indian prince, magician, and spiritual giant - the son of a Kassite king. In Kashmiri and Sanskrit, Sadak = "a person with magical, supernatural powers." A certain Zadok (Sadak?) was also a supernaturally-endowed priest who annointed Solomon. Why does the Kassite (of royal caste) Melik-Sadaksina, a mythical Indian personage, suddenly appear in Jerusalem as the friend and mentor of Abraham? According to Akshoy Kumar Mazumdar in The Hindu History, Brahm was the spiritual leader of the Aryans." - Gene D. Matlock, Who Was Abraham?

Joseph (‘Yosef’ in Hebrew) was the Patriarch and also the Chief Minister or Vizier of the Hyksos King Apophis, based at the northern city of Avaris. Hyksos were Asiatics (shepherd people of the plains, Habirus/Hebrews), appeared mainly out of Syria and Palestine, who invaded Egypt and settled in the Nile delta around 1640 BCE. Hyksos abused the hospitality of the Egyptians (Genesis 12:10), created a settlement in Lower Egypt, which they end up ruling from old capital of Memphis, while the Egyptians hoped for liberation from their true rulers in the Upper Egyptian city of Thebes. The Hyksos multiplied and did 'fill the land' (Exodus 1:7).

The outlines of the traditional account of the "invasion" of the land by the Hyksos is preserved in the Aegyptiaca of Manetho, an ancient Egyptian priest who wrote in the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Manetho recorded that it was during the reign of one "Tutimaios" (who has been identified with Dudimose I of the Fourteenth Dynasty) that the Hyksos overran Egypt, led by Salitis, the founder of the Fifteenth Dynasty.

Manetho states "during the reign of Tutimaos a blast of God smote us, and unexpectedly from the regions of the East, invaders of obscure race marched in confidence of victory against our land. By main force they easily seized it without striking a blow; and having overpowered the rulers of the land they then burned our cities ruthlessly, razed to the ground the temples of the gods, and treated all the natives with a cruel hostility, massacring some and leading into slavery the wives and children of others... Finally, they appointed as king one of their number whose name was Salitis. He had his seat in Memphis, levying tribute from Upper Egypt. In the Saite nome he founded a city.. and called it Auaris."

The Hyksos later formed the 15th and 16th dynasties of Egypt and ruled a large part of the country until driven out around 1532 BCE.

Further reading about the Hyksos can be done in ‘The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Egypt’ (1996) by B Manley; ‘History of Ancient Egypt’ (1999) by E Hornung; ‘The Hyksos period in Egypt’ (2005) by C. Booth; ‘Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt’ (2000) by J Baines and J Malek; “The Second Intermediate Period" in ‘Oxford History of Ancient Egypt’ (2003) by J Bourriau." Edited by I Shaw; Steele (2003) "Who were the Hyksos" from 70 Mysteries of Ancient Egypt, Ed B Manley M Van de Mieroop; ‘An introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt’ (2008) by Kathryn Bard; A History of Ancient Egypt (2010).  

Let us come back to the issue of Moses in relation with Akhenaton, a Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt, who ruled for 17 years and died in 1336 BCE or 1334 BCE.

At that time the Egyptian empire extended to Nubia in the south, Palestine, Syria and a part of Mesopotamia in the north. He was the tenth or eleventh pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty. After he became the Pharaoh, he worshipped the sun not as a material object, but as a symbol of a Divine Being whose energy was manifested in his rays (Ra eyes). This was in opposition to the worship of Amon-Re main god of the city of Thebes, who had become over prominent. Amon-Re was a combination of the ram-headed city-god, whereas Re was the name of the hawk-headed Sun Divine, On.

The title at the beginning of his reign was Amenhotep IV and was later to be changed. He was an adherent and protector of the Sun-based religion, which had already existed before him as part of ‘Ra’ or ‘Amen-Ra.’ He then raised the absolute worship of Aton to become the official religion of the kingdom under the influence of the priests of the Sun Divine at On (Heliopolis). He renamed himself Aken-Aton ("he who is in the life service to Aton.") in honour of the the Divine. It is evident that what the king was deifying was the force by which the Sun made itself felt on earth (Dawn of Conscience). He then forcibly made the worship of Aton exclusive to the empire, supported by the military.

There was a cosmic power of ancient Egypt (Atum/Amun/Amen) who was said to have manifested himself variously in the universe as the sun, moon, stars, fertility, wisdom, the earth, rain, etc. Akhenaton decreed that all the various manifestation of the Divine was collapsed into the absolute deification of the Sun.  

According to Ahmed Osman, Pharaoh Akhenaton (Akh-en-Aton i.e. “the life spirit of Aton) was then forced to abdicate the throne after the influence of the priestly class of Thebes and a rebellion led by generals Horemheb, Pa-Ramses and Seti. He escaped to Sinai with a handful of followers, both Egyptian and Syro-Canaanite who embraced the Atonist faith.

With such details, Pharaoh Akhenaton is best viewed as the real Moses!

His son, the young Tut-Ankh-Aton/Tut-Ankh-Amen and this is the scriptural Joshua and Yahoshua, whose mother and wife of Akhenaton was Queen Nefertiti, succeeded him in 1361 BCE.

The literal meaning of the name Tutankhamun is "the Living Image of the Divine (Tut - meaning likeness or image; Ankh - meaning life and symbolized by a cross; and amun - the deity Amun)" - Osman, House of the Messiah.

Aton/Aten signified the Egyptian ‘neter’ (the Divine) who has no image. The Divine by the Hebrews, who likewise has no image, is called Adon. So the Egyptian "Aton/Aten" is equivalent to the Hebrew "Adon". What we find is that the Egyptian "t" becomes "d" in Hebrew. In other words the Egyptian "Aton/Aten" is identical to the Hebrew "Adon/Adonai".

King Tut was of royal descent, the Son of the Divine and was born to govern. He was a ‘Christos,’ meaning the "Anointed One." 

King Tut-Ankh-Aton was killed for religious reasons after he attempted to reconcile those who monotheistic (Atonists) and those who were pantheistic. He was accused of being a deceiver who tried to accommodate the thinking of his father Akhenaton, and was led into Sinai with his serpent headed staff and was later killed at the foot of Mount Sinai by Pa-Nehesy, "Chief Servitor" and "Second Priest of the Aten" of Akhenaton - Donald B Redford, Akhenaten the Heretic King (Princeton University Press, 1984).

Related to this story is the scriptural tale that Moses fled to the Sinai area after he had killed an Egyptian. Moses’ successor, Joshua (previously known as ‘Hosea,’ which means ‘saviour’), the son of Nun (which means ‘fish’), was killed by Phineas, the priest of Moses, while the Israelites were still in the land of Goshen in Egypt.

The similarity is too much for coincidence!

Tut-Ankh-Amon (who had been forced to change the suffix of his name by substituting ‘Aton’ with ‘Amon, because personal names could often incorporate the name of a chosen divine principle. The deity’s name chosen was supposed be particularly pre-eminent during the period of reign or had considerable local importance. He was later succeeded in the following sequence by: Aye, the Commander General of the army and Akhenaten's maternal uncle; Horemheb; Pa-Ramses I (who established the 19th dynasty) and Seti I, the son of Ramses.

Akhenaton ascended to the throne by succeeding his father Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1405-1367), who was married to Tiye, the daughter of Joseph, Jacob's son. Joseph (Yuya of ancient Egyptian) was the vizier or second in command to father of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, Pharaoh Tuthmose IV (1413-1405 BCE).

Akhenaton begat Tut-Ankh-Aton (scriptural Joshua) just as King David ("Dalet-Vav-Dalet" - DVD, i.e. 4+6+4 = 14) was Pharaoh Tuthmose III (1490-1436 BCE) who begat King Solomon (Pharaoh Amenhotep III, 1436-1413 BCE, great-grandson of Pharaoh Tuthmose III) and Psalm 104 borrowed from Akhenaten's ‘Hymn to the Aten.’

Therefore, based on the teachings, the scriptural Moses is the masked figure of Amenhotep IV/Akhenaton (whose wife and son were Nerfetiti and Tut-Ankh-Aton/Tut-Ankh-Amen, respectively) of the 18th Dynasty, whose body was never found after his downfall. He was an ancient Egyptian of noble origin whom the scriptural scribes undertook to adopt and transform into a Hebrew.

“The disappearance of Akhenaton and death of his son, Tutankhamon set the stage for the biblical events around Jewish “Oppression” in Egypt and “Exodus” from Egypt. While there has been considerable dispute over the dating of the Exodus, a growing number of scholars have come to the conclusion that it was at, or soon after, the time of Akhenaten. They too believe that there was some direct relationship between the faith of the Israelites and the monotheistic beliefs of the “heretic king” Akhenaton.” – Hidden Wisdom: The Secrets of the Western Esoteric Tradition (2010).

One is advised to read “Moses and Akhenaten: One And The Same Person” by Ahmed Osman, a historian, lecturer, researcher and author. 

The religion of 18th Dynasty Pharaoh Akhenaton:
1.  Akhenaton taught that “Aton was the unseen, almighty and everlasting power that made itself manifest in the form of the solar disk in the sky and was the source of of all life in heaven and earth and the underworld. He ascribed to Aten a monotheistic character, or oneness, which he denied to every other god, but when we read hymns to Aten of which the king approved.” ‘Aton’ is an ancient name of the Sun deity and who is called Adonai by Hebrews.
2.  Akhenaton ascribed to Aton a strict and jealous monotheistic character or oneness overtaking the position of Amen-Ra. “Akhenaten, king of Egypt (1378-1361 BCE), was the first monotheistic ruler in history, who abolished the worship of the different gods of Ancient Egypt and introduced a deity with no image Aten, the biblical Adonai, to be the sole (Divine) for all people.”
3.  Had horror of swine connected with the fact that Set wounded Horus when in the guise of a pig. “The pig was an animal sacred to Set, god of chaos. Set took the form of a pig and blinded Horus then disappeared. Eventually Horus regained his sight. The eyes of Horus were thought to represent the sun and the moon, and the legend of the blinding of the god was an explanation of solar and lunar eclipses. Plutarch says that, once a year, pigs were sacrificed to the moon." - Animals and the Gods of Ancient Egypt by Caroline Seawright.
4.  Practiced circumcision for reasons of cleanliness and was long been indigenous in Egypt and no other Eastern Mediterranean people practised it (there was an evidence of circumcision dating back to 4,000 BCE after bodies of Egyptians were exhumed from the earliest prehistoric cemeteries. The actual performance of the operation by a surgeon is said to be depicted in an Egyptian tomb of the 27th or 28th century BCE in the cemetery of Memphis (The Dawn of Conscience). "...several Egyptians told me that in their opinion the Colchidians were descended from soldiers of Sesotris. I had conjectured as much myself from two pointers, firstly because they have black skins and kinky hair...and more reliably for the reason that alone among mankind the Egyptians and the Ethiopian have practiced circumcision since time immemorial." (Herodotus, Book II, 104).
5.  Moses’ Ten Commandments were derived from ‘Spell 125’ of the ancient Egyptian funerary text known as "Spells of Coming Forth By Day." The First Commandment, “I am the Lord your (Divine), who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me was based on the ancient Egpyptian thinking. Egyptologist E. A. Wallis Budge in his book, The deities of The Egyptians Volume Two to be based on: “Thus by these means the priests of Amen succeeded in making their god, both theologically and politically, the greatest of the gods in the country…And when his royal devotees…carried war and conquest into Palestine and founded Egyptian cities there, the power and glory of Amen their god, who had enabled them to carry out this difficult work of successful invasion, became extraordinarily great…but the priests of Amen were not content with claiming that their god was one of the greatest of the deities of Egypt, for they proceeded to declare that there was no other god like him, and that he was the greatest of them all.”
6.  Akhenaton built a very big temple in his new capital of Khut-en-Aton (‘horizon of Aton’).
7.  After Akhenaten was overthrown by a military coup after 17 years of rule after he was rejected by the Atum/Amun priestly class, was forced to abdicate the throne and he left Egypt and took with him a large following, including the temple priests of Aten who, according to both Egyptian history and Scriptural writings.  – Wisdom of the Ages.
8.  "And when Moses came down from the Mount Sinai, he held the two tablets of the testimony, and he knew not that his face was horned from the conversation of the Lord." "And they saw that the face of Moses when he came out was horned, but he covered his face again, if at any time he spoke to them." - Exodus 34:29 and 35. Later translators substituted an alternate meaning from horned to beam or “ray of light  And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tablets of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses, that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him…And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the veil upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.” In Hebrew, "ray of light" and "horn" are both called "keren" which means, "glorious dignity." The translators may have mistaken "rays of light" for "horns." In the Greater Mysteries language of ancient Egypt, horns are the sign of the successful neophyte, of one who has passed the dread tests of initiation and quite literally touched divinity. In ancient Egypt, a horned Hathor are a symbolic of the glorified countenance or illuminated face of the Golden One. Hathor means, “for Horus's enclosure,” was an ancient Egyptian goddess who personified the principles of love, beauty, music, motherhood and joy.
9.  Ancient Egyptian priests were the only ones allowed to enter the innermost parts of the temple, the sanctuary. Before he did so, the priest had to perform a series of procedures like shaving the entire body, abstaining from certain foods, wear only garments of linen and papyrus sandals. When they were ready to enter the temple, the priest first washed at a stone pool or cistern kept on the premises for just such a purpose. The Aaronic priests had a similar procedure. “Thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: these are holy garments; therefore shall he wash his flesh in water, and so put them on.” Leviticus 16:3-4. 
10.    The ancient Egyptian deity, “Aten/Aton” was transliterated into the Hebrew title, “Adon,” which was translated into English as "the Lord." This gave “Adonai” for "my Lord" as a substitute of Yahweh. Therefore, whenever in the Hebrew Scriptures say, “the Lord” and “my Lord,” in Hebrew it is Adon and Adonai, respectively. “Moses addresses (the Divine) using the title Adon/Aten (Exodus 4:10,13; 5:22; 34:9; Numbers 14:17; Deuteronomy 3:23; 7:26; 10:17); Moses, himself, is addressed both by Aaron (Ex.32:22; Num.12:11) and by Joshua (Numbers 11:28) using the title Adon/Aten; and Joshua also addresses (the Divine) using the title Adon/Aten (Joshua 5:14 b; 7:7). As mentioned above, there is an established relationship between the literature of the Egyptian 18th Dynasty and the Bible. Psalm 104 is an embellishment of the Hymn to the Aten which was found by archaeologists at the city of Akhetaten.” - Ahmed Osman, Moses: Pharaoh of Egypt.

The Hebrew scriptural Moses was an archetypal person who embodied the Hebrew nationalistic desire or yearning of fundamental characteristics of a hero in the creation of a new identity and religion:

1.     "From the symbolism  of the sun as the all-powerful god, greater than all other heavenly gods (lights)," (Genesis 1:16 (“And God made the two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also.”) the ancient Egyptians elevated the deity Amen-Ra (solar cosmic power) to supremacy over all other deities. "Rule" comes from the Hebrew, “memshalah,” meaning dominion, government, and power to rule. “The sun to rule over the day, for his steadfast love endures for ever;  the moon and stars to rule over the night, for his steadfast love endures for ever” (Psalm 136:8-9). This is the origin of Judaic monotheism since Hebrews were earlier polytheistic.  

2.     From the Sumerian ‘Epic of Gilgamesh,’ the allegories of Adam and Eve (“Myth of Adapa”), and Flood of Noah was created. 
3.     From the Aton/Aten, the nameless and hidden deity of ancient Egypt, we have the Hebrew Adon/Adonai.

4.     From the adoption of the birth narrative of Sumerian King Sargon I (2334–2279 BCE) of Agade, “Moses” was born and taken in by an Egyptian princess and became an adopted son at the age of 3 months.

5.     From the name, Ahmosis or Ah Mose I (1539-1514 BCE), the creator of the ancient Egyptian New Kingdom, the scriptural scribes and compilers adopted the name for the mythical Moses, the first leader of the Hebrews.

6.     From the religious and wisdom teachings of Pharaoh Akhenaton (1364-1347 BCE), the scriptural scribes and compilers created a new organised religion called Judaism using the constructed Moses as the central figure.

7.      The Hebrew ‘Chosen People’ theory, which forms the basis of all Talmudic and Judaic mystic writings is not originally Hebrew. Ancient Egyptians likewise believed themselves to be “the peculiar people specially loved by the gods.” "Are you then unaware, Asclepius, that Egypt is the copy of heaven, or, to be more precise, the place where the operations, that govern and put to work the celestial forces, are transferred and projected down here? Even more so, if truth is to be spoken, our land is the temple of the whole world...A time will come, when it will seem that in vain the Egyptians have honoured their gods with pious mind and with assiduous service. All their holy worship will fail inefficaciously, will be deprived of its fruit. The gods leaving the Earth will go back to heaven ; they will abandon Egypt ; this land, once the home of sacred liturgies, will be widowed of its gods and no longer profit from their presence. Strangers will fill this country, and not only will there no longer be care for religious observances, but, a yet more painful thing, it will be laid down under so-called laws, under pain of punishments, that all must abstain from acts of piety or cult towards the gods. Then this very holy land, home of sanctuaries and temple, will be all covered with tombs and the dead. O Egypt, Egypt, of your cults only fables will remain and later, your children will no longer believe in them ; nothing will be left but words carved in stone to tell of your pious exploits." Asclepius, 24. "For in the time when the gods have abandoned the land of Egypt, and have fled upwards to heaven, then all Egyptians will die. And Egypt will be made a desert by the gods and the Egyptians. And as for you, O River, there will be a day when you will flow with blood more than water. And dead bodies will be stacked higher than the dams. And he who is dead will not be mourned as much as he who is alive." - Asclepius, 71 (Robinson, 1984, p.303). Ancient Egyptians (from around 4,500 BCE to around 333 BCE) called themselves Kemetiu (dark-brown skinned divine people), and their country KMT. Greeks converted it to Kemet. This meant 'sacred land of the dark skinned’ or simply “land of the gods.” The Greek Homer, who came before Herodotus (the known father of European history) described Ethiopians as "The most just of men; the favourites of the gods. Jupiter today, followed by all the gods, receives the sacrifices of the Ethiopians." - Iliad, 1, 422. Homer also wrote: "Upon the great Atlantic, near the isle of Erithrea, for its pastures famed, the sacred race of Ethiopians dwell." "The Egyptians were also the first to introduce solemn assemblies, processions, and litanies to the gods; of all which the Greeks were taught the use by them. It seems to me a sufficient proof of this that in Egypt these practices have been established from remote antiquity, while in Greece they are only recently known." Herodotus Book II.

8.      During the reign of Thutmose I (1493-1481 BCE), the Hibiru (Hyksos) Exodus occurred in which the ancient Egyptians who expelled them out of their land after being occupied by Hyksos for over 108 years and was recast and became to be presented as a liberation from Egyptian servitude and bondage.

9.      From the ancient Egpyt's 'Declarations of Innocence' or 'The Negative Confessions' constructed around 4,100 BCE and is Spell (Chapter) 125 of the 'Spells of the Coming Forth by Day' (or 'Book of the Dead' and 'Papyrus of Ani'), one gets the source of the Hebrew Scriptures’ Mosaic Ten Commandments and other Laws. The scriptural Mosaic Commandments were not new laws given to the mythical Moses. They were Codes of Conduct that were simply restated versions of ancient Egpyt's 'Declarations of Innocence' or 'The Negative Confession' constructed around 4,100 BCE and it is Chapter 125 of 'The Book of the Coming Forth by Day' (or 'Book of the Dead' and 'Papyrus of Ani'). The 'Declarations of Innocence' provided accepted and respectable modes of behaviour religiously, juridico-politically and socio-economically. For example, the Confession 'I have not killed' was transposed to the Commandment ‘Thou shalt not kill’; 'I have not stolen' became ‘Thou shalt not steal; 'I have not told lies' became ‘Thou shalt not bear false witness, and so on. The spirit of the deceased denies committing each fault before its assigned judge, by reciting the 42 Negative Confessions. The assigned juror/judge will declare his/her acceptance by declaring Maa-Kheru (True of intonation). The dead person had to recite when he descends to the Hall of the Two Truths so as to purge one of any faults committed and to see the face of every god. He shall say: Hail to thee, great God, Lord of the Two Truths. I have come unto thee, my Lord, that thou mayest bring me to see thy beauty. I know thee, I know thy name, I know the names of the 42 Gods who are with thee in this broad hall of the Two Truths . . . Behold, I am come unto thee. I have brought thee truth; I have done away with sin for thee. I have not sinned against anyone. I have not mistreated people. I have not done evil instead of righteousness . . . Lo, your name is "He-of-Maat´s-Two-Daughters",(And) "He-of-Maat´s-Two-Eyes".Lo, I come before you, Bringing Maat to you, Having repelled evil for you.”

Here is a translation of the 42 Negative Confessions. Some of them may seem repetitive, but this is caused by the inability to translate the exact intent and meaning of the original language:

1. I have not done iniquity.
22.  have not polluted myself.
2. I have not robbed with violence.
23. I have not caused terror.
3. I have not stolen.
24. I have not burned with rage.
4. I have done no murder; I have done no harm.
25. I have not stopped my ears against the words of Right and Truth. (Ma-at)
5. I have not defrauded offerings.
26. I have not worked grief.
6. I have not diminished obligations.
27. I have not acted with insolence.
7. I have not plundered the neteru.
28. I have not stirred up strife.
8. I have not spoken lies.
29. I have not judged hastily.
9. I have not uttered evil words.
30. I have not sought for distinctions.
10. I have not caused pain.
31. I have not multiplied words exceedingly.
11. I have not committed fornication.
32. I have not done neither harm nor ill.
12. I have not caused shedding of tears.
33. I have not cursed the King. (i.e. violation of laws)
13. I have not dealt deceitfully.
34. I have not fouled the water.
14. I have not transgressed.
35. I have not spoken scornfully.
15. I have not acted guilefully.
36. I have never cursed the neteru (divinities).
16. I have not laid waste the ploughed land.
37. I have not stolen.
17. I have not been an eavesdropper.
38. I have not defrauded the offerings of the neteru.
18. I have not set my lips in motion (against any man).
39. I have not plundered the offerings of the blessed dead.
19. I have not been angry and wrathful except for a just cause.
40. I have not filched the food of the infant.
20. I have not defiled the wife of any man.
41. I have not sinned against the neter (the Divine) of my native town.
21. I have not been a man of anger.
42. I have not slaughtered with evil intent the cattle of the neter (the Divine)

I am pure, I am pure, I am pure, I am pure!
I am pure as is pure that great heron in Hnes.
I am truly the nose of the Lord of Breath,
Who sustains all the people,
On the day of completing the Eye in On,
In the second month of winter, last day,
In the presence of the lord in this land,
I have seen the completion of the Eye in On!
No evil shall befall me in this land,
In this Hall of the Two Truths;
For I know the names of the gods in it,
The followers of the great God!

The personality of Moses gave Hebrews a new and firm center of gravity as a people. The personification of Moses’ identity was well crafted out of ancient Egyptian wisdom during the Babylonian Exile and should not be hidden. It does not make Hebrews less human but more and better human because their identity is considered and located as a direct descendent or heir of primordial wisdom or “perennis theologia” of the ancient Egyptians.  

These are the same aspects that the mythical Moses is said to have taught Hebrews as a new religion called Judaism!

To get to more about Moses, Sigmund Freud, himself a Jew and the founder of psychoanalysis as both a theory of personality and a therapeutic practice, will be extensively quoted, says, "The similarity of the name of the Egyptian Aton (or Atum/Amen) to the Hebrew word Adonai and the Syrian divine name Adonis is not a mere accident, but is the result of a primaeval unity in language and meaning...

“The points of similarity as well as those of difference in the two religions are easily discerned...Both are forms of a strict monotheism, and we shall be inclined to reduce to this basic character what is similar in both of them...forbids all visual representation of its (Divine). The most essential difference apart from the name of their (Divine) is that the Jewish religion entirely relinquishes the worship of the sun, to which the Egyptian one still adhered.

“When comparing the Jewish with the Egyptian folk religion we received the impression that, besides the contrast in principle, there was in the difference between the two religions an element of purposive contradiction. This impression appears justified when in our comparison we replace the Jewish religion by that of Aton, which Ikhnaton as we know developed in deliberate antagonism to the popular religion. We were astonished and rightly so that the Jewish religion did not speak of anything beyond the grave, for such a doctrine is reconcilable with the strictest monotheism. This astonishment disappears if we go back from the Jewish religion to the Aton religion and surmise that this feature was taken over from the latter, since for Ikhnaton it was a necessity in fighting the popular religion where the death god Osiris played perhaps a greater part than any god of the upper regions.  The agreement of the Jewish religion with that of Aton in this important point is the first strong argument in favour of our thesis…

Moses gave the Jews not only a new religion; it is equally certain that he introduced the custom of circumcision. The Biblical account, it is true, often contradicts it. On the one hand, it dates the custom back to the time of the patriarchs as a sign of the covenant concluded between (the Divine) and Abraham. On the other hand, the text mentions in a specially obscure passage that (the Divine) was wroth with Moses because he had neglected this holy usage and proposed to slay him as a punishment; Moses' wife, a Midianite, saved her husband from the wrath of (the Divine) by speedily performing the operation. These are distortions, however, which should not lead us astray; we shall explore their motives presently. The fact remains that the question concerning the origin of circumcision has only one answer: it comes from Egypt.

“Herodotus, the Father of History, tells us that the custom of circumcision had long been practised in Egypt, and his statement has been confirmed by the examination of mummies and even by drawings on the walls of graves. No other person of the Eastern Mediterranean has as far as we know followed this custom; we can assume with certainty that the Semites, Babylonians and Sumerians were not circumcised. The possibility that the Jews in Egypt adopted the usage of circumcision in any other way than in connection with the religion Moses gave them may be rejected as quite untenable. Now let us bear in mind that circumcision was practised in Egypt by the people as a general custom, and let us adopt for the moment the usual assumption that Moses was a Jew who wanted to free his compatriots from the service of an Egyptian overlord, and lead them out of the country to develop an independent and self-confident existence a feat he actually achieved. What sense could there be in his forcing upon them at the same time a burdensome custom which, so to speak, made them into Egyptians and was bound to keep awake their memory of Egypt, whereas his intention could only have had the opposite aim, namely, that his people should become strangers to the country of bondage and overcome the longing for the "fleshpots of Egypt"?...

If Moses gave the Jews not only a new religion, but also the law of circumcision, he was no Jew but an Egyptian, and then the Mosaic religion was probably an Egyptian one, namely because of its contrast to the popular religion that of Aton with which the Jewish one shows agreement in some remarkable points…(my emphasis).

“Moses was a noble and distinguished man, a member of the royal house. He must have been conscious of his great abilities, ambitious and energetic; perhaps he saw himself in a dim future as the leader of his people, the governor of the Empire. In close contact with Pharaoh he was a convinced adherent of the new religion, whose basic principles he fully understood and had made his own. With the king's death and the subsequent reaction he saw all his hopes and prospects destroyed. If he was not to recant the convictions so dear to him then Egypt had no more to give him; he had lost his native country...

“Moses’ active nature conceived the plan of founding a new empire, of finding a new people, to whom he could give the religion that Egypt disdained. It was, as we perceive, a heroic attempt to struggle against his fate, to find compensation in two directions for the losses he had suffered through Ikhnaton's catastrophe. Perhaps he was at the time governor of that border province (Gosen) in which perhaps already in "the Hyksos period" certain (Asiatic) tribes had settled. These he chose to be his new people. He established relations with them, placed himself at their head and directed the Exodus "by strength of hand." In full contradistinction to the Biblical tradition we may suppose this Exodus to have passed off peacefully and without pursuit. The authority of Moses made it possible and there was then no central power that could have prevented it. According to our construction the Exodus from Egypt would have taken place between 1358 and 1350, that is to say, after the death of Ikhnaton and before the restitution of the authority of the state by Haremhab…

“Among the greatest riddles of Jewish prehistoric times is that concerning the antecedents of the Levites. They are said to have been derived from one of the twelve tribes of Israel, the tribe of Levi, but no tradition has ever ventured to pronounce on where that tribe originally dwelt or what portion of the conquered country of Canaan had been allotted to it. They occupied the most important priestly positions, but yet they were distinguished from the priests. A Levite is not necessarily a priest; it is not the name of a caste. Our supposition about the person of Moses suggests an explanation. It is not credible that a great gentleman like the Egyptian Moses approached a people strange to him without an escort. He must have brought his retinue with him, his nearest adherents, his scribes, and his servants. These were the original Levites. Tradition maintains that Moses was a Levite. This seems a transparent distortion of the actual state of affairs: the Levites were Moses’ people. This solution is supported by what I mentioned in my previous essay: that in later times we find Egyptian names only among the Levites. We may suppose that a fair number of these Moses people escaped the fate that overtook him and his religion.  They increased in the following generations and fused with the people among whom they lived, but they remained faithful to their master, honoured his memory and retained the tradition of his teaching. At the time of the union with the followers of Jahve they formed an influential minority, culturally superior to the rest. " - 'Moses and Monotheism' (1939).

In “History of Egypt” by Manetho, the 3rd century BCE Egyptian priest, the historical or actual name of Moses was an ancient Egyptian dissident high priest called Osarsiph derived from the name Osiris the deity of Heliopolis (On or Anu). The religious heart of ancient Egypt was known as originally city of Annu or On and was renamed by Greeks in 400 BCE to be Heliopolis. Thus, the fictional Moses was an initiate of the Temple Greater Mysteries of ancient Egypt as a Prince by “adoption.” He later became a hierophant i.e. a priest who explains and teaches the Greater Mysteries as “a man mighty in word and deed” (Acts 7:22). The fictional Moses was a “hierogrammat,” i.e. learned in all the wisdom of the ancient Egyptians, “thus becoming a priest of their religion, and an initiate or adept in their secret learning.”

Hieros” means, ''sacred'' and “grammat” means, "letter" and there "hierogrammat" means one who is wise, lettered in the sacred or understands the sacred. To be learned in all the wisdom of the ancient Egyptians, one had to go through initiation and gradual advancement based on merit. “This was only possible by proper initiation and gradual advancement, when evidence of fitness was demonstrated by a Neophyte.”

"In ancient Egypt, learning was regarded as a high privilege and education was under the direction of a small number of individuals who were organized into bonds, pledges and vows of secrecy.... (A candidate) having applied at Heliopolis, was referred to the Learned of the Institution at Memphis, and these sent him to Thebes..." – Manly P. Hall, 1936.

Manetho (the Egyptian High Priest historian of Egypt circa 240 BCE) says he (Moses) was a hierophant of Hieropolis, and a priest of Osiris, and that his name was Osarsiph (from Osyris or Osiris, who was the god of Heliopolis).” - (footnote Phil Jadaeus, Devita et Morte Mosis, pg. 555).

"Moses, a son of the tribe of Levi, educated in Egypt and initiated at Heliopolis, became a High Priest of the (Greater Mysteries) under the reign of the Pharaoh Amenhotep. He was elected by the Hebrews as their chief and he adapted to the ideas of his people the science and philosophy which he had obtained in the Egyptian mysteries; proofs of this are to be found in the symbols, in the Initiations, and in his precepts and commandments. The wonders which Moses narrates as having taken place upon the Mountain of Sinai, are, in part, a veiled account of the Egyptian initiation which he transmitted to his people when he established a branch of the Egyptian (Mysteries) in his country, from which descended the Essenes.

"The dogma of an 'only God' which he taught was the Egyptian (Temple Greater Mysteries) interpretation and teaching of the Pharaoh who established the first monotheistic religion known to man. The traditions he established in this manner were known completely to only a few of them, and were preserved in the arcanae of the secret fraternities, the Therapeutics of Egypt and the Essenians." - History of Egypt by Manetho.

High Priest Manetho lived in the time of the Greek Ptolemy’s who ruled Egypt from 323-30 BCE and was commissioned by Philadelphus to write the History of Egypt in the original version of Aegyptiaca including the mystic philosophy of Temple Greater Mysteries. According to Herodotus, the Heliopolian priesthood had "the reputation of being the best skilled in history of all the Egyptians. Not only were they (priests) well versed in Geometry, medicine, mythology, philosophy, but they were looked on as the masters of astronomy." Manetho, whose name meant ‘Gift of Thoth’, was a gifted Egyptian scribe and his topics dealt with Egyptian matters, he wrote solely in Greek. Other works he wrote include Against Herodotus, The Sacred Book, On Antiquity and Religion, On Festivals, On the Preparation of Kyphi, and the Digest of Physics.

In “Nile Genesis: An Introduction to the Opus of Gerald Massey” by Charles Finch III (2006), the only identifiable historical figure in Massey’s view that can be linked to the scriptural Moses is also Osarsiph, an ancient Egyptian dissident high priest of the Temple of the Ra at Heliopolis. He was mentioned by the eminent Jewish historian Flavius Josephus in his polemic against the Egyptian historian Apion entitled Against Apion. Apion of Alexandria (20 BCE-45 CE) is extremely insulting of Jews.

A first century Greek scholar, Strabo and a Roman church historian and bishop of Caesaria in the 4th century CE, Eusebius, both held the view that "Moses was an (Egyptian) priest" who rebelled against the established and powerful priestly class of Thebes that were vehemently against Pharaoh Akhenaton. Josephus also said that the Jewish nation was "a nation of Western Ethiopians."

Moses (Osarsiph), the 18th Dynasty Pharaoh Akhenaton, became a dissenter from the established and powerful priestly class. He organized a group of disaffected Egyptians, inciting them to rebellion and then subsequently leading them out of Egypt into Sinai, taught them the worship of Aton and gave them laws. 

With this, the bond between Africans and Hebrews is very deep than many people may think. Popular Judaic scholarship has not accepted that the fictional ‘Moses’ was Pharaoh Akhenaton while Africans are pathetically not aware of the heritage of their ancient knowledge!

At the deepest and esoteric level, Judaic religious tradition becomes identical with others mysteries and systems of morality of ancient Egypt later to be found in India, Chaldea, Babylon and Greece.

The Hebrew Exodus from Egypt

The outlines of the traditional account of the invasion of the land by the Hyksos is preserved in the ‘Aegyptiaca’ of Manetho, an Egyptian priest who wrote in the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Manetho recorded that it was during the reign of one "Tutimaios" (who has been identified with Dudimose I of the 14th Dynasty) that the Hyksos overran Egypt, led by Salitis, the founder of the 15th Dynasty. The Hyksos later formed the 15th and 16th dynasties of Egypt and ruled a large part of the country until driven out around 1532 BCE.

Hyksos (called by ancient Egyptians “HqAw xAswt” 'rulers of foreign lands') were Asiatics (Hebrews) who were Shepherds. “You are shepherds as you know, and your duty is to feed the cattle... And it shall come to pass that pharaoh will call you, and shall say what is your occupation. You must say in return that your trade has been cattle from our youth even until now, both we and also our fathers. Otherwise you will not be allowed to stay in the land of Egypt, for we shepherds are an abomination to the Egyptians.” Genesis 46:32).

They appeared mainly out of Syria and Palestine. They invaded Egypt and settled in northern Egypt in the Nile delta around 1640 BCE and established their capital at Avaris in the Eastern Delta.

They abused the hospitality of the Egyptians (Genesis 12:10) following crop failures and the resulting famine. They created a settlement in Lower Egypt, which they end up ruling from old capital of Memphis, while the Egyptians hoped for liberation from the foreigners so that their true rulers in the Upper Egyptian city of Thebes can run the affairs of the united kingdom.

Seqenenre Tao II was the last custodian of the greatest of all ancient Egyptian spiritual and kingship secrets before he was killed by conspirators sent by the fifth Hyksos (Hebrews) king, Apophis (Apepi I Auserre, 1600 to 1560 BCE). Apophis was said to have been enraged after Seqenenre Tao refused to divulge the details of the ancient Egyptian secret king-making rites of the legitimate Pharaonic line.

The Hyksos King, Apophis, had tried to extract the kingship secrets since he claimed to be in charge of the entire Egypt. On failure to do so, the Hyksos king then provoked Seqenenre by claiming that he was not dealing with the disturbing hippopotamuses. Seqenenre declared a war with the King Apophis because the ancient Egyptians found it very humiliating that they were being ruled by foreigners who had even adopted Seti as their god. Seti was the brother murderer of the cosmic power Osiris and the adversary of the solar cosmic power Horus.

To ancient Egyptians, “Set was thought to have turned into a hippopotamus during his fight with Horus, where he was harpooned by the falcon god. The male hippopotamus was Set's animal, and thus an evil animal. The sacred bird of the falcon-headed solar god Horus, it was also regarded as his Ba. The falcon was a bird that had protective powers, and was frequently linked with royalty, where it was depicted as hovering over the head of the pharaoh, with outstretched wings. The falcon was also sacred to Montu, god of war, and Sokar, god of the Memphite necropolis. The bird of prey was sometimes associated with Hathor, 'The House of Horus'. The son of Horus, Qebehsenuef who guarded the canopic jar of the intestines, was a falcon-headed god. The human headed ba-bird was sometimes given the body of a falcon.” – “Animals and the Gods of Ancient Egypt” by Caroline Seawright.

As a result of the military standoff between the two powers, conspirators killed Seqenenre gruesomely, either during a battle or temple doorway. “The Hiram Key” says that he was violently killed as he left the temple and was succeeded by his eldest teenage son, Ka Mose, in 1555 BCE.

Ka Mose wrote, “Let me understand what this strength of mine is for! (One) prince is in Avaris, another is in Ethiopia, and (here) I sit associated with an Asiatic and a Negro! Each man has his slice of this Egypt, dividing up the land with me... no man can settle down, when despoiled by the taxes of the Asiatics. I will grapple with him that I may rip open his belly! My wish is to save Egypt and to smite the Asiatic! I went north because I was strong (enough) to attack the Asiatics through the command of Ammon, the just of counsels. My valiant army was in front of me like a blast of fire ... When day broke, I was on him as if it was a falcon. When the time of breakfast had come, I attacked him. I broke down his walls, I killed his people, and I made his wife come down to the riverbank. My soldiers were as lions are, with their spoil, having serfs, cattle, milk, fat and honey, dividing up their property, their hearts gay.”

Ka Mose's successor, the great general Ah Mose I (sometimes written Amosis I and "Amenes", "Child of the Moon" “Child of Yah”), who finally succeeded in overthrowing the Hyksos in a protracted war of liberation and with his reign, a new period of prosperity and wealth would begin, the New Kingdom (1850-1085 BCE). Ah Mose I is the King who "knew not Joseph" - Exodus 1:8, who during his reign, completed the conquest and expulsion of the Hyksos from the delta region, restored Theban rule over the whole of Egypt and successfully reasserted Egyptian power in its formerly subject territories of Nubia and Canaan.

The narrative found on the Tempest Stele of King Ahmose I, found in the Great Temple of Amun at Karnak in Thebes has few things in common with the story of the Hebrew Scriptures: “... now then ... the gods declared their discontent. The gods (caused) the sky to come in a tempest of rain, with darkness in the western region and the sky being unleashed without (cessation, louder than) the cries of the masses, more powerful than (...), (while the rain raged) on the mountains louder than the noise of the cataract which is at Elephantine.

Josephus Falvius’ Histories of the Jews reads: “The (Theban) pharaoh attacked the walls (of Avaris) with an army of 480,000 men, and endeavored to reduce (the Hyksos) to submission by siege. Despairing of achieving his object, he concluded a TREATY under which they were all to evacuate Egypt and go whither they would unmolested. Upon these terms no fewer than 240,000 families with their possessions, left Egypt and traversed the deserts to Syria (later explained as being Jerusalem).             

The scriptural texts say of this same event: “Speak now in the ears of the (Israelites), and let every man borrow of his neighbor (the Egyptians) ... jewels of silver and jewels of gold. And the Lord gave the (Israelites) favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent¹ them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians.”

Josephus said that the Hyksos were "the children of Israel" and he quoted Manetho as saying that "they were a people of ignoble race who had confidence to invade our country, which they subdued easily without having to fight a battle. They set our towns on fire; they destroyed the temples of the gods, and caused the people to suffer every kind of barbarity. During the entire period of their dynasty they waged war against the people of Egypt, desiring to exterminate the whole race. . . . The foreigners were called Hyksos, which signifies 'Shepherd Kings'."

The invasion of the Hyksos brought the Egyptian Middle Kingdom (2040-1640 BCE) to an end. After ruling ancient Egypt from around 1640 with a capital city called Avaris, the reign of the Hyksos ended around 1540 BCE, during the reign of Thutmose I has been mis-presented in the Hebrew Scriptures as Exodus from servitude. The Tempest Stele of Ah Mose I, which is the memory of an event when the king had to maintain the Principle of Ma'at and universal order as a demonstration of divine blessing after the disruption that had been caused by the Hyksos.

"The fleeing (Hyksos) took with them a belief in the importance of the rising sun as the rising soul of the newborn king and also the prayers of the sun from the Temple of the Aten at Karnak…They worshiped the honoured the rays of sunlight at dawn by focussing the rays onto a ritual meal with a solid bronze dish. Even today, an orthodox Jew in his tallith and phylactery will orient his prayers to the direction of the rising sun rather than to Jerusalem… The argument can be summed-up as follows. The Semitic Levant Asiatics, who were later to become the Israelites, entered Egypt as Hyksos. They integrated into the administration of Egypt as Viziers and Governors. Ahmose did not expel them, in contrast to the militaristic Hurrians. Over the following centuries, the Semite female line intermarried with the eighteenth dynasty and many Semites rose to prominence. These included the Amorite Meri-Re, Tuthmose III’s armor-bearer. His brother was the Priest User Min. Another was Arperel, a Grand Vizier in Akhenaten’s government who was both an Israelite priest and a Memphis high priest of Aten.”

The Hyksos expulsion from Egypt and the great story of the Hebrew Exodus out of Egypt are far too close to each other to be the result of coincidence. They are the same event.

Fact 1. Literalist Judaism is a direct descendant of the Temple ‘Lower Mysteries’ of ancient Egypt for the majority.

Fact 2. Esoteric or theosophic Judaism (Kabbalism) is a direct descendant of the Temple ‘Greater Mysteries’ of ancient Egypt. Kabbalah” (Jewish hidden or concealed wisdom) is easily related to or derived from Ka-Ba-Ankhof ancient Egypt. (Leonora Leet, Renewing the Covenant: A Kabbalistic Guide to Jewish Spirituality, Inner Traditions, 1999). “Ka” is the eternal life sustaining cosmic force or energy represented by two up-stretched arms in front of a horizon. ‘Ba” is the non-physical human attributes and spark of divine consciousness that inspire us to overcome the beastly nature so that we live a life of virtue and integrity. It was depicted as a human faced-bird, winged human or a human bird, representing the force that soars into the cosmos freed from the gravity of material realm blind to the spiritual world of light, harmony and beauty; and full of dark passions – greed, arrogance, ego, lust, anger and violence. “Ankh,” the word for “life” and regeneration, whose pictorial representation is one of the most familiar of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. It is depicted as a joined circle and a capital T or a looped tau-cross. The circle and T symbolises the duality of the divine, nature and humanity.

Fact 3. Yahovah of literalist Judaism is a prototype of Amen-Ra of ancient Egypt.

Fact 4. The scriptural story of the mythical Moses is an epic drama whose centre is occupied by a High Priest of the city of On or Anu, whose Greek name is Heliopolis (city of the sun).   

Fact 5. “Israel” is the divinity in each human being and when it is trapped in “slavery,” it means it is our own lower or beastly nature that we need to conquer. "ISRAEL, is a word that must be analyzed: IS, reminds us of Isis and the Isiac Mysteries. RA, reminds us of the Solar Logos (let us remember the Disk of Ra, found in the ancient Egypt of the Pharaohs). El, is He, the Interior profound God within each one of us. In sequence and correct etymological corollary, the different Parts of the Being constitute the "People of Israel." All the multiple Self-Conscious and Independent parts of our own individual Being constitute the 'People of Israel.'" Samael Aun Weor.

Fact 6. The fire and the serpent power within us can create anything if we are of a positive mind or destroy everything if we are of a degenerate mind. The positive mind is charitable and controls the fire and serpent power while the degenerate mind is egoistic and is controlled by the fire and serpent power and worships them. 

“The father of psychoanalysis then showed the great similarities between the religion of the Pharaoh Akhenaten (of ancient Egypt) and that of Moses. The Jewish Credo is schema “Yisrael Adonai Elohenu Adonai Echod” – “Hear, O Israel, the Lord thy God is One God” (Deuteronomy 6:4 and Mark 12:29). Freud showed that as the Hebrew letter ‘d’ is a transliteration of the Egyptian letter ‘t’, and as the ‘e’ becomes ‘o,’ this sentence in Egyptian script becomes “Hear, O Israel, our God Aten is the only God.” A prayer that can only be ascribed to the Akhenaten era…According to Freud, Moses was, in fact, a high official in the entourage of Akhenaten called Thuthmose, who chose the Hebrew tribe living at Goshen to be his followers and then led them out of Egypt…It has now become apparent that the most likely candidate for the role of Moses in history was not Thuthmose, but Akhenaten himself.” – by Tim Wallace-Murphy, Hidden Wisdom: The Western Esoteric Tradition (2010).
Further reading, Jan Assman, "Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism" (Harvard University Press, 1998). “Assmann calls his project a "mnemohistory," meaning by this a history of the way certain aspects of an ancient history are remembered and distorted over time. The central focus of this mnemohistory, as indicated by the title, is Moses and his Egyptian origins. Assmann is a distinguished Egyptologist, so he wants to root this mnemohistory in Egypt, not in any of the numerous pseudo- or para-Egyptian texts (the Hermetica, for example, or Plato's various renderings of Egypt). In short, the question is this: What, if anything, might ancient Egyptian historical events have to do with later Western conceptions of (1) Egypt, (2) Judaism, (3) Moses, and (4) monotheism in general?

“Assmann begins with a seemingly radical thesis: that the historical figure(s) represented in "Moses" was an Egyptian priestly exponent of the Akhenaten/Amarna monotheism, which lasted a couple hundred years and ended under the reign of Tutankhamun. The implication of this is that Judaism, and in particular Mosaic Law, was constructed as a counter-religion to normative (i.e. non-Akhenaten) Egyptian religion.” – Amazon review.  

We should see ourselves as our own “Moses,” born ignorant, blind, naked and vulnerable. A person is nursed by royalty but is unaware of who he/she until necessity provided that he/she is taught by a Teacher. Each of us conquer the lower selves by discovering the divine spark within us, the fire close to where we stand. We become the torchbearers to our fellow beings and revealers of the deep truths so that they are able to cross the river and mountains. Since they are of little conviction and we struggle in making them see.    

The human duality of the Essential, Real or True Self and the Beastly or Lower Self is represented by Jacob (“smooth-faced, soft-voiced, and the favourite of his mother”) when he had to wrestle and overcome the Beastly or Lower Self portrayed as a man but with the likeness of his elder twin brother, Esau (a “hairy” man, rough-voiced and easily beguiled), to become “Israel.”
 In the story, Jacob (‘Yakov’ in Hebrew) was wrestling with a man. This means he had an inner struggle. He was wrestling with himself. The man put his thigh out. The thigh represents egoistic or selfish desire, because of its position on the body.
Thus Jacob overcame his Beastly or Lower Self (represented by Esau). He overcame the desire to control his destiny. He then called the place where this happened Peniel, because as soon as he lost desire, he saw the divine face to face. This  points us to the Pineal Gland or Single Eye of the brain where our meditation brings us the higher light.

 The threat of Esau against Jacob's life represents the inward rebellion that we often feel when we change our modes of thought. Jacob and Esau represent the mental and the animal consciousness within each of us. Esau, the hairy man, typifies the animal, which comes first into expression. Most of the human family let him rule in consciousness; but in the line of human unfoldment this man of nature, Esau, must be supplanted by a higher type, called Jacob, the supplanter, the mentality or understanding.”

"Jacob's ladder (sulam) in Genesis 28:12 has a numerical value of 130, the same as the value of the word Sinai. So scholars deduced that the law revealed to Moses on Mount Sinai is man's means of reaching heaven." - Academy BJE NSW Board of Jewish Education 

The story of the twins, Esau and Jacob, is also reflective of the astronomical phenomena: “Jacob and Esau are called twins because they occupy twin positions on the Zodiac. The zodiac has 4 cardinal points. Each cardinal point represents the commencement of an earthly season. First, the Vernal Equinox - which is the beginning of Spring. Second, the Summer Solstice - which is the beginning of summer. Third, the Autumnal Equinox - which is the beginning of Fall. Fourth, the Winter solstice - which is the beginning of winter.

“Cardinal Points mark the start of Seasons. Vernal Equinox – March 21, is Spring. Summer Solstice – June 21, is summer. Autumnal Equinox – September 22, is Fall. Winter Solstice - December 22 , is Winter. Both the Vernal Equinox and the Autumnal Equinox are at the same Declination, therefore they are Twins. But they are 180 degrees apart, in terms of Right Ascension, which makes them diametrical opposites. They are Natural Contenders. Jacob (vernal equinox) is the natural contender supporting spring-summer, and Esau (autumnal equinox) is the natural contender supporting fall winter. These two can never be at peace. Their struggle is eternal, the war never ends.

“Esau is the Lord of Darkness, because the sun loses it’s light after passing below his horizon. He is the western horizon under which the sun sets. He also represents the first born (Hebrews begin their day at sunset).

“Jacob is the Lord of Light - the sun conquers darkness at the Eastern horizon. Jacob’s land is the promised land of Daytime or Summer. God rules (the light of the world dominates in daytime/spring-summer) with Jacob. Jacob is the (symbolical) Chosen of god because of his position as doorway (doorkeeper) to the Kingdom, of the Temperate region. And you cannot get into the Kingdom of the temperate zone unless you go through him (Jacob/Vernal Equinox). An imaginary line drawn between the equinoxes would represent (on earth) the line of demarcation between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

“When the sun is above the equinoxes, in the northern hemisphere, we enjoy warm temperate weather. The journey of the sun through the zodiac is counter clockwise, so that the beginning of warm temperate weather starts at the vernal equinox (Jacob, March 21). The beginning of cold hostile weather is at the autumnal equinox (Esau, September 22). So the struggle between Jacob and Esau, from the Womb, was actually symbolic of the struggle by the forces of Light (sun) against the forces of Darkness. These were astronomical phenomena that the ancients recorded as symbolical Mythology. The wise never took this message literally. The fact that the Hebrews have interpreted this symbolism literally, as historical, has turned the theology of the world head over heels.”

According to the Strong's Hebrew Bible Dictionary, Israel means, humanity "will rule as the Divine." "And He said, “Your name is no longer called Ya’akov, but Yisra’el, because you have striven with Elohim and with men." - Genesis 32:28.

In Psalm 73:1, Israel is defined as “such as are of a clean heart” and Yahoshua expressed the same idea when it is said of Nathanael, “Behold an Israelite indeed whom is no guileThe great fact about the spiritual Israel is therefore cleanness of heart and absence of guile – in other words, perfect sincerity, which again implies singleness of purpose in the right direction. It is precisely that quality which our Buddhist friends call “one-pointedness”…This, then, is the distinctive characteristic which ataches to the name of Israel, for it is this concentration of effort that is the prime factor in gaining the victory which leads to the acquisition of the Name” – Thomas Troward, Bible Mystery and Bible Meaning.

Let us unravel the deeper meaning of the word, "Israel." It is spelt in Hebrew as "Yisra’el," “Yod-Shin-Resh-Aleph-Lamed" (YSRAL) derived from from the verb, ‘Yisrot’ meaning to ‘wrestle.’ Its gematria or numerical value is 10+300+200+1+30 = 541 = 5+4+1 = 10.

· Yod’ is the 10th Hebrew letter and it the smallest letter of all. It is the initial point of -Time continuum. Its literal meaning is a "closed hand". Its symbolic meaning is "to make" "work/works" "a deed done" and a male agency. It symbolizes a "formed" point i.e. a “crown” above and a "pathway" below. It is the male seed of physical existence. It propagates existence into life by the intertwined biological process of stimulus and response or the principle of action and reaction.

· 'Shin' is the 21st letter in the Hebrew alphabet and its numerical value is 300 and is symbolism of the Divine, fire and passion. The secret of the ‘Shin’ is "the flame (Divine Revelation) bound to the coal (Divine Essence)."

· The first two letters of YSRAL, "Yod-Shin" (YS), spell the word "Yeish" which means "something."

· Reish” means "head" or "beginning."

· ‘Aleph’ is the 1st Hebrew letter whose literal meaning is an ox or bull and whose symbolical meaning is power, stability, a central point, strength, strong leader or master. The letter Aleph is really silent, but is the sound that is made before anything is spoken and can only be represented in English by the letter “a” or “e.” The internal structure of ‘Aleph’ is “Alpeh-Lammed-Phey” (1+30+80 = 111) means the unthinkable-life-death (Aleph) projects controlled organic movement (Lammed) into completely unstructured energy or completely-undefined potential (Phey). ‘Aleph’ is a word for the unthinkable, the infinite expansive energy or pulsation of life-death, beyond thought, beyond knowing. It is a word for Life because it is the infinite living source of all that is and all that is not. It is also the word for Death because it is intermittent, not in duration, beyond -time. - Carlo Saures, The Cipher of Genesis. This is the full meaning of energy or air.

· Lamed” means the aspiration of the heart and throughout Torah the heart symbolizes the primary concept of vessel, the secret of Eve. 

Thus, the word "Yisrael" (YSRAL) means “Male agency-Cosmic fire-Beginning-Air-Heart.”

"ISRAEL, is a word that must be analyzed: IS, reminds us of Isis and the Isiac Mysteries. RA, reminds us of the Solar Logos (let us remember the Disk of Ra, found in the ancient Egypt of the Pharaohs). El, is He, the Interior profound God within each one of us. In sequence and correct etymological corollary, the different Parts of the Being constitute the "People of Israel." All the multiple Self-Conscious and Independent parts of our own individual Being constitute the 'People of Israel.'" - Samael Aun Weor.

The Egyptian religion held that the Sun of God, Horus, was killed under the sign of Virgo (the virgin) but was resurrected in the age of Leo (the lion). This is why the Egyptians built the Sphinx with the head of a woman (Virgo) and the body of a lion (Leo). During the days of Moses, the Hebrews were subject to the religion of Egypt. Before the worship of Amen-Ra was instituted, Egyptians worshipped Isis (the Mother of God). When the Hebrews left Egypt and arrived in Canaan, their religion was influenced by the Canaanite religion whose God was called El (the planet of Saturn). With the influence of the religions of Egyptian Isis and Ra and Canaanite El (Elohim) or Mother-Father-Son (Sun), the Hebrews named their nation Is-Ra-El or Israel. The Hebrews adopted Saturday (from Saturn's day, Saturn-day) as their day of worship. Christians, whose astrological influence was the Sun (also from Egyptian origin), worshipped on Sunday (or the Sun's day, Sun-day).” - Astrology in the Bible.

"The name of Israel is composed of three syllables, each of which carries a great meaning. The first syllable, "Is", is primarily the sound of the in-drawing of the breath, and hence acquires the significance of the Life-Principle in general, and more particularly of the individual Life. This recognition of the individualization of the Life-Principle formed the basis of Assyrian worship. The syllable "Is" was also rendered "As", "Ish", and "Ash", and gave rise to the worship of the Life-Principle under the plural name "Ashur", which thus represented the male and female elements, the former being worshipped as Ashr, or Asr, and the latter as Ashre, Ashira, Astarte, Iastara or Ishtar, a lunar goddess of Babylon, and the same idea of femininity is found in the Egyptian "Isis". Hence the general conception conveyed by the syllable "Is" is that of a feminine spiritual principle manifesting itself in individuality — that is to say, the "Soul" or formative element — and it is thus indicative of all that we mean when we speak of the psychic side of nature. How completely the Assyrians identified themselves with the cultus of this principle is shown by the name of their country, which is derived from “Ashur”.

“The second syllable, "Ra", is the name of the great Egyptian sun-god and is thus the complementary of everything that is signified by "Is". It is primarily indicative of physical life rather than psychic life, and in general represents the Universal Life-giving power as distinguished from its manifestation in particular individuality. Ra symbolises the Sun, while Isis symbolised by the Moon, and represents the masculine element as emphatically as Is represents the feminine.

“The third syllable, "El", has the significance of Universal Being. It is "THE" — i.e. the nameless Principle, which includes in itself both the masculine and feminine elements, both the physical and the psychic, and is greater than them and gives rise to them. It is another form of the word Al, Ale, or Ala, which means "High", and is indicative of the Supreme Principle before it passes into any differentiated mode. It is pure Spirit in the universal.

“Now, if Man is to attain liberty, it can only be by the realisation of these Three Modes of Being — the physical, the psychic, and the spiritual; or, as the Bible expresses it, Body, Soul (Mind), and Spirit. He must know what these three are in himself and must also recognise the Source from which they spring, and he must at least have some moderately definite idea of their genesis into individuality. Therefore the man "instructed unto the kingdom of heaven" combines a threefold recognition of himself and of God which is accurately represented by the combination of the three syllables Is, Ra, and El. Unless these three are joined into a single unity, a single word, the recognition is incomplete and the full knowledge of truth has not been attained. "Ra" by itself implies only the knowledge of the physical world, and results in Materialism. "Is" by itself realises only the psychic world, and results in sorcery. "El" by itself corresponds only with a vague apprehension of some overruling power, capricious and devoid of the element of Law, and thus results in idolatry. It is only in the combination of all three elements that the true Reality is to be found, whether we study it in its physical, psychic, or spiritual aspect. We may for particular purposes give special prominence to one aspect over the two others, but this is for a time only, and even while we do so, we realise that the particular mode of Life-Power with which we are dealing derives its efficiency only from the fact of its being permeated by the other two…

“This, then, was the significance of the New Name given to Jacob. He had wrestled with the Divine until the light had begun to dawn upon him, and he thus acquired the right to a name which should correctly describe what he had now become. Formerly he had been Jacob — i.e. Yakub, a name derived from the root "Yak" or "One". This signifies the third stage of apprehension of the Divine problem which immediately precedes the final discovery of the great secret of the Trinity-in-Unity of Being. We realise the ONE-ness of the Universal Divine Principle, though we have not yet realised its Threefold nature both in ourselves and in the Universal.”
- Judge Thomas Troward, ‘Bible Mystery and Bible Meaning.’

To him that overcometh will I give…a New Name” (Revelation 2:17). Therefore, the name ‘Yisrael’ (an Israeli) is not a reference for an ethnic group but it is a term used in ancient Egypt ‘Greater Mysteries’ for a divine-seer purified from all guile and is a metaphor of the union of the aspiration or yearning of the Female Principle (‘Isis’) and the Male Principle (‘El’) infused by the cosmic fire of the masculine element of the Solar Logos (‘Ra’) to give the name “Is-Ra-El.”

Jacob (spelt ‘Yaakov’ meaning the ‘chosen one’) wrestled with the Divine in darkness until light dawned upon him. He then acquired a new name to describe his new Self by realising his own three-in-one, ‘Is-Ra-El’ (Body-Mind-Spirit). This is the creation architectural plan for every human being also found in the Divine’s name, Elohim; the sacred Tetragrammaton, YHVH; and the Hebrew name Yahoshua (YHShVH).

Jew - the word "Jew" (in Hebrew, "Yehudi" - Judean/Jewish man) is derived from the name ‘Judah,’ the fourth son of Jacob (Yakov). ‘Judah’ literally means “praise Yahovah.”
“Yehudi” means cosmic consciousness or intelligence of the Divine and is spelt as ‘Yod-Hey-Vav-Dalet-Yod’ (YHVDY), i.e. the Trigrammaton ‘YHV,’ the first three letters of YHVH plus Dalet means door

Therefore, a Jew is not a racial identification or an ethnic group but a reference for one who is a custodian and possesses the key to the knowledge of the hidden and very deep wisdom about the Divine, Humanity and Nature.

What is a Jew (Yehudi)? According to St. Paul in Romans 2:17-29:

1. The Jew and His Role:

· He Bears the name of a Yehudi,
· He Relies on the Law,
· He Boasts in His Relationship with the Divine, the indwelling Infinite Great Spirit,
· He Knows the Divine’s Will,
· He Approves of Superior Things,
· He is Instructed out of the Law.

2. The Mediatorial Role of the Jew

· Is a Guide to the Blind,
· Is a Light to those in Darkness,
· Is an Educator of the Senseless,
· Is a Teacher of Little Children,
· Has Knowledge and Truth in the Law.

3. The Jew should teach, preach, and tell others not to steal, commit adultery, and rob temples and not be himself guilty of the same sins

· A Jew preaches against stealing, and does not steal,
· A Jew tells others not to commit adultery, and does not commit adultery,
· A Jew abhors idols, and does not rob temples,
· A Jew boasts in the Law, and does not dishonor the indwelling Infinite Great Spirit by transgressing the Law,
· The name of the indwelling Infinite Great Spirit should be blasphemed because of the Jew’s disobedience.

4. True Circumcision of the True Jew

· A true Jew is not one outwardly and circumcision is not something purely outward in the body, i.e. it is of no value if not attended by faithful practice of the Law for which it was a sign,
· A true Jew is one inwardly where the circumcision is of the heart by the Spirit, not by the letter,
· A true Jew is one whose praise is not from people, but from the Divine,
· Circumcision is as uncircumcision when a man continually breaks the Law,
· The uncircumcised man who keeps the Law will be regarded as circumcised and he will judge the disobedience of the circumcised man as uncircumcision.